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Miscanthus genus belongs to the family Poaceae and Andropogoneae tribe, which also includes maize, sorghum or sugar cane. Miscanthus  sensu lato contains about twenty species but it includes only about ten in sensu stricto (Hodkinson et al., 2015). The giant miscanthus grown in France corresponds to Miscanthus x giganteus, a triploid interspecific hybrid: it comes from a spontaneous natural cross occurred in Japan between a tetraploid M. sacchariflorus and a diploid M. sinensis.

Miscanthus has a basic chromosomal number of 19 chromosomes, which is almost twice that of sorghum comprising 10 chromosomes. By a comparative analysis of the sequenced genomes of M. sinensis and sorghum, Mitros et al. (2020) showed that each sorghum chromosome aligns with a pair of M. sinensis chromosomes, except for one miscanthus chromosome that corresponds to the fusion of two chromosomes of sorghum.

Miscanthus is valued for its high biomass production with low chemical inputs ( ). As a perennial crop, it can be cultivated for several years, up to 20-25 years for the giant miscanthus. The varietal offer currently remains limited to a single clone in France, despite a continued increase in cropping areas with various uses and ecosystem services, which is risky at the slightest climatic or disease event. Thus, INRAe began to develop in the 2010’s genetic studies on Miscanthus sinensis, a species of interest that can contribute to expand the variety supply of miscanthus.


Laboratory Address Persons Links

UMRt BioEcoAgro

2, Chaussée Brunehaut Estrées-Mons

CS 50136

80203 Péronne cedex FRANCE

Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel, Kristelle Lourgant

Project lists





septembre 2022 – ADEME Presse

Appel à projets ADEME - GRAINE

MisTigation project deals with “Miscanthus for its ecosystem services to local communities”.





AAPG - Appel à projets générique - 2023 | ANR


MisEauVert project targets “Ecosystem services of miscanthus to restore water quality and soil fertility”.






Biomasse pour le futur | ANR

Investment for the future

BFF aimed to establish local value chains for miscanthus and sorghum biomass and develop new dedicated varieties and cropping systems for sustainable production of ligno-cellulosic biomass.



Project Related papers

Linkage mapping of biomass production and composition traits in a Miscanthus sinensis population.

Raverdy R, Lourgant K, Mignot E, Arnoult S, Bodineau G, Griveau Y, Taniguti C H, Brancourt-Hulmel M.

BioEnergy Research Special issue 2022 15:755–776 doi: 10.1007/s12155-022-10402-8 for dataset related to genotyping resources for datasets related to phenotyping resources


QTL detection for flowering-time related traits in Miscanthus sinensis using a staggered-start design.

Hou W, Raverdy R, Lourgant K, Mignot E, Arnoult S, Giauffret C, Brancourt-Hulmel M.

BioEnergy Research Special issue 2022 15:718-733 doi: 10.1007/s12155-021-10386-x for BLUPS related to climate effect at “4-year” age for BLUPS related to age effect under conditions in 2019 for BLUPS related to age effect under conditions in 2018


URGI resources



Cited references

Hodkinson, T.R., Klaas, M., Jones, M.B., Prickett, R., Barth, S., 2015. Miscanthus: A case study for the utilization of natural genetic variation. Plant Genet. Resour. Characterisation Util. 13, 219–237. 

Mitros, T., Session, A.M., James, B.T., Wu, G.A., Belaffif, M.B., Clark, L.V., Shu, S., Dong, H., Barling, A., Holmes, J.R., Mattick, J.E., Bredeson, J.V., Liu, S., Farrar, K., G\lowacka, K., Je\.zowski, S., Barry, K., Chae, W.B., Juvik, J.A., Gifford, J., Oladeinde, A., Yamada, T., Grimwood, J., Putnam, N.H., Vega, J.D., Barth, S., Klaas, M., Hodkinson, T., Li, L., Jin, X., Peng, J., Yu, C.Y., Heo, K., Yoo, J.H., Ghimire, B.K., Donnison, I.S., Schmutz, J., Hudson, M.E., Sacks, E.J., Moose, S.P., Swaminathan, K., Rokhsar, D.S., 2020. Genome biology of the paleotetraploid perennial biomass crop Miscanthus. Nat. Commun. 1–11.

Update: 26 Oct 2023
Creation date: 25 Oct 2023