Study : Prevalent cytidylation and uridylation of precursor miRNAs in Arabidopsis


Prevalent cytidylation and uridylation of precursor miRNAs in Arabidopsis
A key step in microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis is the processing of a primary precursor RNA by the microprocessor into a precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA) intermediate. In plants, little is known about the processes that act on pre-miRNAs to influence miRNA biogenesis. Here, we performed 3’ RACE-seq to profile pre-miRNA 3’ ends in Arabidopsis. 3’ end heterogeneity was prevalent and the three microprocessor components promoted 3’ end precision. Extensive cytidylation and uridylation of precise and imprecise pre-miRNA 3’ ends were uncovered. The nucleotidyl transferase HESO1 uridylated pre-miRNAs in vitro and was responsible for most pre-miRNA uridylation in vivo. HESO1, NTP6 and NTP7 contribute to pre-miRNA cytidylation. Tailing of pre-miRNAs tended to restore trimmed pre-miRNAs to intact lengths to promote further processing. In addition, HESO1-mediated uridylation led to the degradation of some imprecisely processed pre-miRNAs. Thus, we uncovered widespread cytidylation and uridylation of pre-miRNAs and demonstrated diverse functions of pre-miRNA tailing in plants. Overall design: 3 RACE-seq in Arabidopsis


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