FEEDBACK  |  CONTACT  |  SITE MAP  |  ABOUT US   
Ask an account
You are here : Home / Home URGI / About us / Publications / 2015 / Deciphering Genome Content and Evolutionary Relationships of Isolates from the Fungus Magnaporthe oryzae Attacking Different Host Plants

2015

International,  ACL (papers with reading comittee)

Genome Biology and Evolution, 2015, 7 (10) : 2896 - 2912.

30 Oct 2015   Deciphering Genome Content and Evolutionary Relationships of Isolates from the Fungus Magnaporthe oryzae Attacking Different Host Plants

Chiapello, H. ; Mallet, L. ; Guerin, C. ; Aguileta, G. ; Amselem, J. ; Kroj, T. ; Ortega-Abboud, E. ; Lebrun, M.-H. ; Henrissat, B. ; Gendrault, A. ; Rodolphe, F. ; Tharreau, D. ; Fournier, E.

Deciphering the genetic bases of pathogen adaptation to its host is a key question in ecology and evolution. To understand how the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae adapts to different plants, we sequenced eight M. oryzae isolates differing in host specificity (rice, foxtail millet, wheat, and goosegrass), and one Magnaporthe grisea isolate specific of crabgrass. Analysis of Magnaporthe genomes revealed small variation in genome sizes (39-43 Mb) and gene content (12,283-14,781 genes) between isolates. The whole set of Magnaporthe genes comprised 14,966 shared families, 63% of which included genes present in all the nine M. oryzae genomes. The evolutionary relationships among Magnaporthe isolates were inferred using 6,878 single-copy orthologs. The resulting genealogy-was mostly bifurcating among the different host-specific lineages, but was reticulate inside the rice lineage. We detected traces of introgression from a nonrice genome in the rice reference 70-15genome. Among M. oryzae isolates and host-specific lineages, the genome composition in terms of frequencies of genes putatively involved in pathogenicity (effectors, secondary metabolism, cazome) was conserved. However, 529 shared families were found only in nonrice lineages, whereas the rice lineage possessed 86 specific families absent from the nonrice genomes. Our results confirmed that the host specificity of M. oryzae isolates was associated with a divergence between lineages without major gene flow and that, despite the strong conservation of gene families between lineages, adaptation to different hosts, especially to rice, was associated with the presence of a small number of specific gene families. All information was gathered in a public database (http://genome.jouy.inra.fr/gemo).

Deciphering genome content and evolutionary relationships of isolates from the fungus magnaporthe oryzae attacking different host plants.pdf
In ProdINRA

Update: 13 Jul 2017
Creation date: 16 Feb 2016
PLATFORM   RESEARCH   PROJECTS   DATA   TOOLS   SPECIES   ABOUT US   FEEDBACK   CONTACT US   REGISTER   EDIT